The electric charge is the electrical property of a material that experiences the charge when put in an electric field. It is normally of two kinds, positive and negative. When these charged particles (positive and negative) move in the chosen direction it generate current. You can convert electricity to AC by using an inverter. But before we go into that to make sure you are familiar with some terms.
Electrostatic electricity is a kind of electric charge you can create in your lab by pushing bare wire into a vacuum chamber. After a while the wire will become charged with protons. Protons are positively charged particles that have a negative charge on one side. When you want to have this kind of charge, you need to create an electric field by putting a bare wire in a chamber with a small amount of protons. The charge will be created due to the attraction and repulsion between the two sides of the wire.
In a more detailed explanation we will learn how the electrical charge is produced. The atom is made of four electrons. Electrons have different numbers depending on the atom’s position. Atoms do not have single charge, but rather they have an uneven charge distribution. There is a positive charge on the top and bottom of an atom, and a negative charge on the inside and back of the atom.
In a very simple model of the atom, one Coulomb is equal to ten times the energy of a hydrogen atom. Each atom has an affinity for one other, but can occupy only two places on the lattice. As one atom fills up completely, it gives up its position to give way to an additional one. The number of vacancies keeps on increasing, until there are an equal number of protons in the vacant spots. The total number of electric charges is therefore one Coulomb.
An understanding of the properties of these charged elementary particles is important if we want to learn more about the world around us. In physics, we learn that electric charges arise from the fusion of atoms. We also know that such elementary particles are made up of quarks, which are vibrating types of particles that make them move. In terms of the Big Bang Theory, a steady input of energy brought about the survival of life on earth, through the process of decay.
Now let us see what this all means in detail. To understand this concept thoroughly, we must first define our word “electricity”. We learn that there is a difference between electrical and magnetic fields, because the former involves moving charge while the latter does not. An electric charge can only exist if the molecules in a given space are pushed to such a degree that their vibrations allow them to become elastic. This elasticity is a physical property of matter that gives it the ability to conduct electricity.
We learn that the same thing holds true for the electrical charge as well, with one slight difference. With the exception of very heavy metals, all other kinds of matter have a non-existent electrical charge. This means that the only way they can gain an electric charge is by colliding with another body. In much the same way, the only way in which charges can be lost from the surface of the earth is by passing through an electrically charged conductor. We can therefore conclude that both electrical and physical properties lead to electricity. We have just introduced to our study of the world around us the basic building blocks of electricity.
It should now be clear how the properties of electric charge are brought about by collisions. The algebraic sum, derived previously, shows how the voltages are produced in a closed system, separated from each other by an electric field that exists between the charged parts. Thus, we find that the total voltages are always in a definite geometric series. To see this in action, let us consider an isolated system with no outside influence.